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Assessing security risks, creating policy for consumer bank cards

In this Q&A, Mike Rothman discusses the risk assessment policies that merchants should practice when handling consumer bank cards.

What should be the fraud and risk assessment policy at consumer banking cards' sales end?
Fraud mitigation and risk assessment are different things. I am interpreting this question to ask about policies that retailers and other merchants should be implementing relative to consumer banking cards. Many of the requirements for protecting cardholder information are specified in the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard, commonly known as PCI DSS.

PCI DSS specifies 12 different requirements to secure cardholder data and requires a qualified assessor to examine a merchant's environment to ensure compliance. Penalties for non-compliance range from small fines to the inability to use a specific type of credit or debit card.

Specific to risk assessment, the PCI DSS standard requires that "security controls, limitations, network connections and restrictions" are tested at least annually. It also mandates quarterly use of a wireless analyzer to see if your Wi-Fi networks are vulnerable. Additionally, the regulation requires quarterly vulnerability scans to ensure that no known vulnerabilities put cardholder data at risk.

I strongly recommend that organizations also conduct a more formal penetration test, ideally performed by outside resources, at least once a year, and also use automated pen testing tools internally more often. Why? Because the bad guys are testing your network and applications every day. They are performing risk assessments all the time, trying to figure out how to compromise your systems, so you should use their same tools and techniques to find and remediate problems.

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